Early Portugal

Kingdom of Portugal

House of Burgundy, or Afonsine Dynasty, 1143-1383

  • Henry of Burgundy, Count of Portugal (1066–1112) was of Portugal from 1093. Founder of the dynasty.
  • Afonso I, (1109-1185), also known as the Conqueror, was the first King of Portugal, declaring his independence from León.
  • Afonso II, ( 1185 – 1223)
  • Afonso III, (1210-1279) and the first to use the title King of Portugal and the Algarve, from 1249.

House of Aviz, or Joannine Dynasty, (1385-ca. 1580)

  • John I,( 1357 –1433), King of Portugal and the Algarve and Lord of Ceuta. The natural son of Peter I by a noble Galician woman named Teresa Lourenço, daughter of Lourenço Martins, o da Praça, and wife Sancha Martins. In 1364 he was created Grand Master of the Order of Aviz. He became king in 1385, after the 1383–1385 Crisis.

Younger sons of John I and descendants:

  • Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra (1392 –1449)
  • Infante João of Coimbra (1431-1457), 2nd Duke of Coimbra,Titular Prince of Antioch,married Charlotte of Lusignan, heir princess of Cyprus, in 1456.
  • Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu (1394- 1460), known as Prince Henry the Navigator .
  • Infante João, 1st Lord of Reguengos de Monsaraz, Colares and Belas (1400 –1442),10th Master of the Order of St. James.
  • Infante Fernando (1402- 1443),Grand Master of the Order of Aviz."The Blessed Ferdinand".
  • Afonso I, (1377-1461), Duke of Braganza,natural son of John I Founder of the House of Braganza.

Son of Edward I:

  • Infante Fernando, (1433–1470), Prince of Portugal, Duke of Viseu
  • John II, (1455 –1495), King of Portugal and the Algarves

House of Aviz-Beja

Younger sons of Manuel I:

  • Infante Luís, (1506-1555), 5th Duke of Beja
  • Infante Duarte, (1515 –1540), 4th Duke of Guimarães
  • Ranuccio I Farnese (1569 –1622), Duke of Parma and Piacenza ,son of Alexander Farnese,( 1545 –1592), Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592 and Infanta Maria of Guimarães (1538 - 1577) , daughter of Infante Duarte, Duke of Guimarães.

Portuguese House of Habsburg, or Philippine Dynasty, (1580-1640)

See Modern Portugal